August 23, 2014

Air Bases Where Heavy Bombers Were/Are Based

TU-95 Bear-H - April 23rd 2014
Photo Credit: Unnamed RAF Typhoon pilot from RAF Leuchars
http://theaviationist.com/2014/04/25/raf-releases-photo-bear/
Nuclear-capable heavy bombers were based at the following air bases in the former Soviet Union and United States.  These locations were published by the US Government and relate to the START treaties, and I've just correlated with Wikipedia, Wikimapia, and put some push pins on the map.  You'll notice that the US bases are very much intact and active, and some of the former Soviet bases have become Russian bases, with the same planes, or the planes pulled back from Kazakhstan and Ukraine after the collapse of the USSR - also, very active. 








Information about the matching Soviet (now Russian) air bases seems harder to pin down, at least all in one spot, but the START treaties and other sources define them as the following.  There is an impressive line-up of TU-95 long range bombers on the tarmac at Ukrainka and Engels-2, but we can't really tell how many of those planes are air-worthy.

Engels Air Base (Энгельс-2)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Engels-2

Dyagilevo Air Base (Дягилево) (UUBD)


Ukrainka Air Base (Украинка)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ukrainka_(air_base)


Uzyn (now Ukraine)
NA - (49°47'33"N, 30°26'14"E)


Pryluky (now Ukraine)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pryluky_%28air_base%29


Dolon Air Base (Погода) (Now Kazakhstan)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolon_%28air_base%29


Belaya Air Base / Irkutsk Belaya (Белая) (UIIB)

Vozdvizhenka Air Base
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vozdvizhenka_(air_base)

Ozerne Air Base (Озерное) (UKKO)

Ulan-Ude Airport (Mukhino) (Мухино)

Nizhyn Air Base (now Ukraine)

Shatalovo Air Base (Шаталово)

Zavitinsk Air Base (Завитинск)

The Soviet strategy would have been to launch the heavy bombers from those bases, and those which had to refuel would do so at "bounce" aerodromes in the Arctic along the way.  Looking at the current state of these airfields, you can draw your own conclusions regarding if they are in use or have been abandoned.  They sure look well maintained, or even developed, to me.  Granted, some of the aviation is civil, but a "bounce" is really only meant to refuel for the 2nd leg of a journey across the pole.

Countering this threat of coming over the pole, NORAD set up 5 4 forward operating locations (FOLs) in Canada where NORAD interceptors could stage out of, and counter the Soviet threat.

Here are those "Bounce Aerodromes"

Sredniy Ostrov Aerodrome (Аэродром Средний Остров) (UODS)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sredny_Ostrov
[No imagery available]

Olenya Aerodrome (Аэродром Оленья)  (XLMO)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Olenya_(air_base)


Vorkuta Airport  (Аэропорт Воркута) (UUYW)
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vorkuta_Airport


Tiksi Airport (Аэропорт Тикси) (UEST) 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiksi_Airport


Ugolny Airport / Anadyr (Аэропорт Угольный) (UHMA)


Mys Shmidta Airport (Аэропорт Мыс Шмидта) (UHMI)



Rogachevo Aerodrome (Аэродром Рогачёво) (ULDR)

Other air bases of note which were not releated specifically to heavy bombers:

Lakhta air base
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lakhta_air_base


Kamenny Ruchey (Mongokhto, Alekseyevka, Mongohto) (Монгохто, Каменный Ручей) (UHKG)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamenny_Ruchey

Bolshoye Savino / Perm International Airport (USPP)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perm_International_Airport

Ivanovo Severny (Ivanovo North / Zhukovka)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivanovo_Severny


Kansk
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kansk_%28air_base%29

Borisovsky Khotilovo (Borisovskiy / Borisovsky / Khatilovo)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borisovsky_Khotilovo

Savatiya (Kotlas South, Savati, Savvatiya) (ULKS)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savatiya

Morshansk (Tambovo)
N/A

Omsk-Severnyj Air Base (Omsk)
54°58'25"N   73°33'16"E
N/A

Ostrov (Gorokhovka)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ostrov_%28air_base%29

Petropavlovsk-Yelizovo (Yelizovo Airport / Аэропорт Елизово) (UHPP)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky_Airport

Chuguyevka (Chuguevka, Sandagou, Sikharovka, Sakharovka, Sokolovka, Bulyga-Fadeyevo)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chuguyevka_%28air_base%29

Savasleyka (Саваслейка)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Savasleyka_%28air_base%29

Shaykovka (Шайковка) (Kirov Shaykovka, Anisovo Gorod, Anisovo Gorodishche, Shaykovo, Shajkovka, Gorodische, Chaikovka)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shaykovka

Soltsy-2 (Sol'tsy, Soltsy, Solcy, Solcy 2) (XLLL)
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soltsy-2


The following air bases were, reportedly, never completed

Tiksi North
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiksi_North
 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiksi_West

Ostrov Bolshevik
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ostrov_Bolshevik

Chekurovka
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chekurovka

Dresba
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dresba




Reference:
http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/lps25414/display.cfm-fs=start-us.htm
http://permanent.access.gpo.gov/lps25414/display.cfm-fs=start-fsu.htm
http://www.acq.osd.mil
http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/tupolev-tu-95-bear-bombers/


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